Periodontitis is the gum disease in which the gum and bone become infected by bacteria in residual plaque. The gums become inflamed and break down, forming pockets around the tooth. If left untreated, the tooth may eventually need to be extracted. If you have recently noticed red, swollen, receded, or bleeding gums, persistent bad breath, or changes in your bite, you may have periodontitis.
Fortunately, there are treatments that can curb the progression of the disease and promote healing. Dr. Jacob performs scaling and root planing to treat periodontitis. Scaling removes plaque below the gum line, and root planing smoothes the tooth’s root to prevent buildup and allow gum tissues to heal. Dr. Jacob may also prescribe certain medications to limit infection, and he may refer more severe cases to a periodontal specialist.